Gender in Public Transport - A perspective of women users from Jordan

The strong link between public transport and the economy has long been established, especially accessibility to jobs. The UITP has done extensive work on documenting this link and demonstrating the tangible benefits of public transport, including on job creation and retention as well as gender considerations. Female users are more susceptible to negative impacts of inadequate mobility choices as well as low public transport service levels. Therefore, the UITP has championed a global campaign to address women mobility and ensure gender balance in all of its activities.

UITP MENA partner Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, has recently published a research study on Gender and Public Transport in Jordan, which was conducted by the local community organization SADAQA. The study provides a qualitative and quantitative analysis on women’s perspective as users of public transport in Jordan, identifying the impact of public transport on women’s economic participation.

Authors Sahar Aloul, Randa Naffa and May Mansour complement their research with a sample survey of 497 women who use public transport in 11 out of 12 Jordanian governorates. Main findings were that almost half of the women surveyed listed public transport as main reason of turning down a job while more than half believed that public transport negatively impacted their daily commute to work.

The study aims to look at public transport from a gender perspective, highlighting the importance of providing safer public transport that will encourage women to use it, seek employment and ultimately increase women’s rate of contribution to economic growth, which is very low in Jordan.

Recommendations included the need for substantial budgets and enforcement measures to make public transport a governmental priority as well as increasing the number of women in decision-making positions in public transport government bodies to ensure gender-sensitive policy planning and implementation to promote public transport as an inclusive sector for both men and women.